Friday, March 8, 2013

Feedback: Power Grower Combo on Waxy Corn

Fernando Gabuyo of Tondod, San Jose City, Nueva Ecija, told us an exciting experience using Power Grower Combo on Sweet  Pearl, a waxy corn variety usually cooked as boiled corn on the cob.

He sprayed his corn plants with Power Grower Combo when they had four leaves. He sprayed again five days later. For the third time he sprayed the plants a week after the second spraying. 


He reported that the Sweet Pearl is relatively smaller than most sweet corn varieties. But with his three sprayings of Power Grower Combo, the plants grew more than 6 feet tall, producing very big ears. Many of the plants also produced double ears that were equally big.


Power Grower Combo is a plant growth promotant formulated by Alfonso G. Puyat, an inventor specializing in plant nutrition. Power Grower Combo has also worked wonders on sugarcane, vegetables, tobacco, fruit trees and other crops.


NOTE: If you are interested to buy Power Grower Combo, text your complete name and address to 0917-841-5477. The return text will tell you how you can order the plant growth promotant, including buyers from the provinces. Orders will be sent by JRS Express courier. One pack of 500 grams costs P400 plus courier charge if sent by JRS Express. One pack is enough to spray one hectare of young rice plants, corn, sugarcane, etc. It is very economical.

CPFoods' CSR Makes Thai Farmers Rich

Breeding Pigs
Pakdee Thai Siam is the president
of Nong-Wah Agricultural Village.
Arnnop Jeanprasert (left) of CPFoods Philippines
at the briefing at Nong-Wah Agricultural Village.
Nopachat Panyawachiropas is a contract
grower raising 2,100 fatteners at a time.
Big companies with a well-focused Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) could transform the lives of poor farmers, making them financially independent and proud of their achievement.
  
Just like the 50 landless farmers who were allocated 3.8 hectares each by the King of Thailand in 1978 in the province of Chachoengsao, about two hours drive northeast of Bangkok. Now the farmers have transformed the once brushland into the Nong-Wah Agricultural Village which has become a land reform management model.

The transformation came as a result of the cooperation of the bank and Charoen Pokphand, the giant food and agriculture company in Thailand.

In the beginning, the settlers did not have any money to start their farming. But CP Foods had a bright idea. Their experts trained the farmers to take care of breeding hogs to produce piglets the scientific way. Then CP Foods would buy the piglets for its contract farming of slaughter pigs with farmers outside Nong-Wah.

The CP experts had to convince the bank about the viability of the project, assuring the bank that the farmers would be able to repay their initial loans of 300,000 baht each. And how did CP make sure that the farmers would succeed?

They provided them with the improved technologies. One is the raising of the improved breeds in confinement. The houses today are equipped with evaporative cooling system so that the breeders feel comfortable and conducive to problem-free reproduction. The pigs are fed with the right nutrition. They are protected from diseases with the help of CP’s veterinarians and animal husbandry experts. The farmers are also taught how to artificially inseminate their animals.

One very important factor that made the farmers succeed was that they were assured of their market for their weanlings. All they have been doing is do the best they can in producing healthy weanlings for sale to CP Foods. The current price per weanling is 1,200 baht.

From their zero assets in 1978, the settlers have each accumulated at least 6 million baht in assets today. But of course many of them have amassed much more than that and they are investing in farms outside of the village.

Pakdee Thai Siam, the 50-year-old president of Nong-Wah Village, is now a multi-millionaire in his own right. While serving as president of the village cooperative, he receives a minimal 1,500 baht per month but he makes much, much more from his pigs and other projects.

Pakdee started taking care of 30 sows which grew and grew in number through the passing of the years. Today, he is taking care of 600 sows, each producing about 22 weanlings a year. At 1,200 baht per weanling, one sow could produce 26,400 baht per year which is equivalent to P36,432 in Philippine peso.

Pakdee seemed reluctant at first to disclose how much he makes in profit every month but after some prodding, he admitted that he makes about 200,000 baht a month from his piggery. That’s about P276,000 in our currency. And that is why he could afford a big house, and send his daughter to a medical school. He has also bought a 15-hectare property outside Nong-Wah which he has planted to rubber trees.

Nong-Wah Agricultural Village is a modern community with wide well-paved roads. The place is beautifully landscaped and the plants are well maintained. The village does not smell just like the ordinary pig farming community. That’s because the pig manure is turned into electricity by means of a biogas system. The biogas system is responsible for supplying the village with 30 percent of its energy requirements. Another byproduct of the manure is organic fertilizer.

CP Foods is also very helpful to young farmers who go into pig farming. Just a few kilometers from Nong-Wah, we visited the project of 27-year-old Nopachat Panyawachiropas who finished a course in animal husbandry. For a year, he worked with the livestock project of CP Foods but four years ago, he decided to venture into his own pig farming.

With the help of CP Foods, he was able to borrow from the bank 7 million baht to put up three hog houses, each with a capacity of 700 fatteners. The pigs are fattened in about five months to 100 to 110 kilos each, unlike the usual 85 kilos in the Philippines.

The hog houses, as is usual in projects of CP Foods, are all equipped with evaporative cooling systems which make the animals comfortable and fast growing.

CP Foods provides the piglets, the feeds and medicines. Nopachat, on the other hand, owns the housing and spends for electricity, water and labor. At the end of a growing cycle, Nopachat makes an average of 450 baht per head. Which means he could gross about 945,000 in less than six months of raising the animals. That’s why he could afford to amortize his loan from the bank at 100,000 baht a month.

In three more years, he would be able to pay all his loan and could probably expand his operation so he could make more money.
   

Piglets are the main product at Nong-Wah
Agricultural Village, Chachoengsao province
in Thailand northeast of Bangkok.

Thursday, March 7, 2013

Mango Congress Speakers

Sec. Proceso J. Alcala at the Mango Congress
held in Cebu City last year
.
Agriculture Sec. Proceso J. Alcala will keynote the opening of the 15th National Mango Congress on March 20, 2013 at the RMTU Gymnasium in Iba, Zambales.

Before Alcala' speech, Jennifer Remoquillo, head of the High-Value Crops Development Program, will present the 2013 Priority Interventions for Mango.

In the afternoon, 1:15 to 2 pm, Dr. Celia dlR Medina will talk on Insect Resistance Management, including improving pesticide use, improving pesticide choice, and brief updates on the control of Cecid Fly and Capsid Bud.

Dr. Norlito R. Gicana of the Pesticide and Fertilizer Authority (FPA) will talk on MRL (minimum residue level) and Traceability thru Good Laboratory Practices.

DAY 2, March 21, 2013.
Efforts towards attaining organic mango production.

8:15-8:45 - Dr. Celia dlR Medina will talk Biological Control of Leafhoppers.

8:45 - 9:15 - Engr. Grecilda S. Zaballero, Biological Control of Anthracnose and Diplodia.

9:15 -9:40 - Salvador Salacup, Status of GAP and National Organic Act for Mango.

9:40 - 14:00 - Danilo Dannug, Nursery/Scion Grove Certification & Updates on Researches for Mango.

10:30 - 11:00 - Nathaniel Cervando from Pagasa, Climate Change.

11:00 - 11:30 - Joseph G. Macagga, Product Presentation.

Postharvest Technology & Processing Session

1:00 - 1:30 - Quantifying Postharvest Losses in the Mango Value Chain

!:30 - 1:45 - PMFI President Virginia de la Fuente, Presentation of PMFI Project Brief. "Developing of Appropriate Packaging, Handling and Transport System Along the Mango Value Chain in the Philippines." PMFI Accomplishments.

1:45 - 2:15 - Dr. Jocelyn E. Eusebio, Updates on Postharvest Technology for Mango.

2:15 - 2:40 - Bernardita Montevirgen, Status of Mango Processing in Zambales.

2:40 - 3:10 - Antonio S. Rola, NMAT Accomplishments.

Marketing Session
March 21, 2013

3:30 - 4:00 - Noel Padre, Implication of Asean Economic Community by 2015 on Philippine Mango/Fruit Industry.

4:00 - 4:30 - Leandro Gazmin, Latest Packaging and Marketing Trends in Mango Observed in Other Countries.

March 22, 2013
Day 3

8:30 -9:15 - Dr. Calixto C. Protacio, Importance of Tree Pruning and Nutrition to Sustainable Mango Production.

9:15 -9:45 - Simeon Cuyson, Minimizing Risks to Chemical Exposure of Spraymen Through Development of Farm Implements.

9:45 - 10:15 - Jovy C. Bernabe, Proposed PCIC -PMFI Accident and Life Insurance Program for Mango Workets.

10:15 -10:30 - Virginia de la Fuente, Increasing Export Recovery Thru Improved Harvesting Tools.

10:30 - 11:00 - Zac B. Sarian, Sharing of Mango Production Tehnologies and Mango Cultural Practices Observed in Other Countries.

The 15th National Mango Congress is under the auspices of the Philippine Mango Industry Foundation, Inc. and is hosted by the Samahan ng mga Nagmamanga sa Zambales, Inc. headed by Evelyn A. Grace. PMIFI is headed by Virginia de la Fuente.




Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Five-Finger Okra, Anyone?

Weng Bienes,  ABC administrative
officer, poses with Five-Finger okra.
One okra selection that could become a favorite of farmers is what they call Five-Finger variety. This caught our attention when we visited the Allied Botanical experimental farm in Tayug, Pangasinan, last February 21, 2013.

They call it Five-Finger because its leaves are deeply divided into five segments. It is very prolific and the fruits are prominently visible. This is one big advantage, especially for harvesters. The fruits are very easy to locate and harvest.


The Five-Finger variety was planted beside a variety with broad leaves for contrast. The fruits of the variety with broad leaves are hidden under the leaves so that harvesters will have a hard time locating the harvestable fruits.


Another advantage of Five-Finger is that there is less leaf space to spray in case spraying pesticide is necessary. There is also less room for the insects to hide.


Five-Finger is an open-pollinated selection so that the farmers can plant the seeds that they harvest from their farms. No other commercial seed producer could produce the seeds legally for sale because it is being registered for IPR protection.

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Outstanding Stringbeans From Allied Botanical

Sheila Rojo with long pods of
stringbeans during the field day
at the ABC experimental farm.
Several outstanding stringbean varieties were among the attractions during the field day at the experimental farm of Allied Botanical Corporation in Brgy. Lichauco, Tayug, Pangasinan on February 21, 2013.

These include the 4-Star variety which produces 3 to 4 pods per peduncle, each pod about 60 cm; Tristar which is very high yielding, producing 2 to 3 pods per peduncle; Negrostar which produces dark green pods well liked in the Ilocos and Central Luzon, Greenstar which produces smooth apple green pods; and Maranaw which produces light green tender pods.

Photo shows Sheila Rojo posing with a prolific sitao at the ABC experimental station. She is a nurse who was one of the visitors during the field day on February 21, 2013.

Power Grower Combo Works Wonders On Tobacco

Frederick Pinpinio showing a big leaf of
his Burley tobacco sprayed with Power
Grower Combo.
A special fertilizer that has been proven to more than double the yield of sugarcane and fruit trees also does wonders on Burley tobacco. This is the Power Grower Combo, a plant growth promotant formulated by Alfonso G. Puyat.
  
Earlier, the special fertilizer formulation doubled the yield of sugarcane in the farm of Mauro Merculio in Victoria, Tarlac. This time, the trial in a farmer’s farm in Balungao, Pangasinan, shows the yield of Burley tobacco could be more than doubled with the Power Grower Combo.

Frederick Pinpinio of San Miguel, Balungao, Pangasinan has a standing crop of Burley tobacco on one hectare from which he has harvested two times as of this writing. His tobacco plants that were sprayed just two times with the Puyat growth enhancer have grown to about six feet tall whereas the plants of the unsprayed  adjacent field were mostly four feet or less in height.

The sprayed plants produced much bigger and more numerous leaves. The leaves of the sprayed plants were two feet long and one foot wide. On the other hand, leaves of the unsprayed plants measured only 17 inches long and seven inches wide. When the leaves were dried in the sun, as is the usual practice in Burley tobacco, the dried leaf of the sprayed plant weighed 12 grams whereas the one of the unsprayed plant was 5.1 grams.

As per the estimate of Frederick, one plant could yield as much as one kilo of dried leaves. He has planted 15,000 plants in the one hectare that he rented for P5,000 per planting cycle. That means, he could possibly harvest about 15 tons from one hectare. At the usual price last year of P70 per kilo, the 15 tons could be worth more than one million pesos. Even if the yield is only ten tons, that would still give the grower P700,000.

Compared to corn, which is also a major crop in Pangasinan, tobacco requires more labor to produce. The cost of production includes the cost of seedlings which is supplied by the buyer of the cured leaves at 70 centavos per seedling. The other costs are land preparation, fertilizer, daily attention to the plants while they are growing to prevent insect infestation, irrigation, cost of harvesting, sticking and drying. At any rate, Burley tobacco is still profitable to grow.

According to the National Tobacco Administration, Burley tobacco is being produced largely in Pangasinan which accounts for 51 percent of local Burley production. The other provinces growing Burley tobacco are Tarlac (16%), Nueva Ecija and Mindoro.

The NTA adds that there are about 11,376 farmers involved in planting Burley tobacco on 7,198 hectares.

The good thing about Burley tobacco is that unlike Virginia tobacco, it is not cured in flue-curing barns. Burley is dried in the sun like the native tobacco.

Burley is a light colored aromatic tobacco that is used in making cigarettes. About 75 percent of local production is used by local cigarette manufacturers. The rest is exported to countries like the United States, Germany, Hong Kong, Singapore, Russia and Japan.

Frederick Pinpinio is dwarfed by
tobacco plants sprayed with Power
Grower Combo
There's a very big difference between the
Burley tobacco sprayed with Power
Grower Combo (left) and the unsprayed
tobacco plants at right.
e sent
Zac B. Sarian (left) with Frederick Pinpinio
in his farm in San Miguel, Balungao,
Pangasinan on February 24, 2013.
NOTE: Those who would like to buy Power Grower Combo could text their full name and address to 0917-841-5477. A text will be sent telling how you can order the special fertilizer, including Heavy Weight Tandem, another formulation of Mr. Alfonso Puyat that makes fruits bigger, more uniform, sweeter in the case of citrus and other fruits that are sour.

Monday, February 25, 2013

March Agriculture Magazine Out


Ernesto Abalos is featured on the cover of the March 2013 issue of Agriculture Magazine with his Paraoakan chickens which are becoming a favorite of native chicken enthusiasts. The magazine is now off the press. It features many other stories about successful agri-people, new ideas and research results. Agriculture Magazine is the most widely circulated agriculture magazine in the country which is available in bookstores and in outlets of Manila Bulletin nationwide.

By the way, you can contact Ernie Abalos at 0917-536-5503.

Saturday, February 23, 2013

Hi-Tech Lab at Simon Groot Research Center


We were among the few who were privileged to observe the high-tech laboratory, the Molecular Genetics Lab, at the Simon Groot Research Center, East-West Seed International, in Sansai, Chiang Mai, Thailand last February 24, 2013. This can provide molecular markers that help senior researchers to facilitate their plant breeding work.

We could not show any photo here because we were not allowed to take pictures. One expensive machine could analyze 50,000 samples of plant materials in one day. What for are they analyzing the plant samples? So they can check the genetic purity of seeds and samples of plants that they are using in their breeding work. They can determine if the sample plants are infected with viruses or diseases. They can also see if there are alien seeds in a batch of seeds intended for commercial distribution. 

The machine could also check the DNA of the plants submitted for analysis. They could determine the characteristics of the sample plants.  The color, shape, disease resistance of the plants could be determined more easily with the molecular markers the machines provide. This is very important to facilitate the breeding work of the plant breeders. With the molecular markers, the process of producing new hybrids could be reduced from the usual 6 to 8 years to only 4 years. 

A new machine has also been added that can analyze more than double the capacity of the first machine. Eventually, they will need a machine that can analyze 250,000 samples in one day. 

Friday, February 22, 2013

Yellissimo Watermelon A Hit At The Field Day

The group from DA and Nabcor showing slices of Yellissimo.
A new yellow-fleshed watermelon was a hit among visitors at the Allied Botanical Field Day in Tayug, Pangasinan which we attended on February 21, 2013. The new variety is called Yellissimo, a hybrid that is sweeter than most other watermelons in the market.

Among those who enjoyed eating the new variety were visitors from the Department of Agriculture and staff of the National Agribusiness Corporation (Nabcor), shown in the group picture here. They include Aileen Cantalejo, Leah Rasonabe, Gale del Rosario, Jenny Remoquillo of the High Value Crops Development Program, Celerina Miranda and Jallyne Remoquillo of DA.


Aside from its sweetness, the flesh is not grainy as is often the case of many varieties in the market. It is relatively small, 3-4 kilos, so it is just right for one serving for an average household. Yellissimo is early maturing - the fruits are harvestable in 60 to 65 days.


Some enterprising farmers time their planting in October so they will harvest during the Christmas season when the price is usually high. One can plant 7,000 hills per hectare, and each hill can yield two marketable fruits.


Jenny Remoquillo with a bowl
of Yellissimo
Gale del Rosario and a slice of
Yellissimo
.

What's Up In Hot Pepper

Prolific finger pepper with yellow fruits.
This is the hot pepper with foot-long fruits.
At the breeding station of East-West Seed International at the Lanchang Farms in Chiang Mai, Thailand, a lot of interesting developments are happening. We visited the place last February 5, 2013.

One hot pepper that stood out is a variety that produces slender fruits that are a foot long or longer. Henk Pascha, head plant breeder, said that it is being developed for the China market.


Henk Pascha also showed us the very hot Jalapeño pepper that produces small fruits. They have started crossing the small-fruited pepper with varieties that bear big fruits. The objective is to transfer the superhot trait to a hybrid with much bigger fruits.


We also saw a very prolific finger pepper that produces a lot of yellow fruits. It is something novel.


Henk Pascha with fruitful Jalapeño pepper
which is being crossed with plants that
produce bigger fruits.

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

High-Yielding Palee Ampalaya In India

Ric Reyes is the Combination
 Product and Marketing
Manager of East-West Seed

 Company. He is shown
here in a Palee ampalaya 

plantation in India.
Ric Reyes is all smiles as he poses with a very fruitful crop of Palee ampalaya which has become the leading variety grown in India today. 

This is a high-yielding hybrid developed by East-West Seed plant breeders to replace the old Indian variety that has spiny skin, a trait favored by Indian consumers. 

The Palee hybrid produces more than double the usual yield of the old spiny variety. The Palee is also becoming a favorite of farmers in Sri Lanka and Myanmar where East-West seeds are now being marketed.

Mulch Your Fruit Trees With Rice Husk


As the dry season is just around the corner, you can conserve moisture content in your fruit tree plantation by mulching the trees with two inches of rice husk about a meter around the base. 

The mulch will not only prevent fast drying of the soil, it will also prevent the growth of weeds. Photo shows a pummelo  tree mulched with rice husk at the Teresa Orchard & Nursery in Teresa, Rizal.

Rice husk could also be used for mulching other trees, including young forest trees. Of course, you should regularly check the soil under the mulch to see if the tree needs watering.

Slanting Trellis


In many instances, trellises for viny vegetables are constructed standing erect. This one used for French beans Ayoka at the Simon Groot Research Center (SGRC) in Chiang Mai, Thailand, is slanting.

 It has its own advantages. The leaves have a wider exposure to sunlight, and the fruits hang for easy harvesting at the underside of the trellis. 

Ayoka is a particularly prolific variety developed by East-West Seed company. It was showcased during the International Field Day at the SGRC on February 4, 2013.

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

Super Pechay?

This is from the garden of Mr. and Mrs.
Rodrigo España in General Santos City.
No, it is not a special variety of pechay. It is one of those ordinarily available in seed stores. It just happens that it was sprayed with the special fertilizer formulation of Mr. Alfonso G. Puyat, the Power Grower Combo.

The plant was sprayed with Power Grower Combo four days after it was transplanted. Fifteen days later, it was sprayed with the special fertilizer for the second and last time.

The plant became very robust and tender at harvest time less than one month from transplanting.

Power Grower Combo also works wonders for other crops, including fruit trees, rice and corn, sugarcane, tobacco and practically every crop.

Text your full name and address to 0917-841-5477 so you will know how to order Power Grower Combo even if you are in the province. If you wish, you may also visit Teresa Orchard & Nursery in Teresa, Rizal, where you can pick up the same yourself. Another formulation called Heavy Weight Tandem that promotes fruiting is also available.

Monday, February 18, 2013

Healthy Snack Food From Bangkok

PHOTO shows packs of ready-to-eat snack foods available in supermarkets like Big C in Bangkok, Thailand.
These could as well be copied by their Philippine counterparts. The packs include boiled sweet corn scraped from its cob, sticky rice, boiled gabi and camote roots.

These snack packs are filling and very healthy, too.

Saturday, February 16, 2013

National Mango Congress Moved To Mar. 20-22

Evelyn A. Grace and Virgie de la Fuente.
The 15th National Mango Congress has been moved to March 20 to 22, 2013, in Iba, Zambales. It was originally scheduled for March 13-14.

The new schedule was announced by Virgie de la Fuente, president of the Philippine Mango Industry Foundation, Inc. The host organization of mango growers is headed by Evelyn A. Grace with the full support of the provincial government and the Department of Agriculture.


Virgie de la Fuente can be contacted for additional information at 0908-309-2083; 0916-358-7738 or 0922-257-1199.

Ikenobo Ikebana Exhibit on Feb. 25-26, 2013

The Ikenobo Ikebana Society of Manila is inviting the public to a viewing of their exhibit of their floral arts on Feb. 25 to 26, 2013 at the Atrium, EDSA Shangri-La Mall, Mandaluyong City. The exhibit is open free to the public from 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. 

Before the exhibits, there will be a public demonstration by visiting Prof. Takashi Moribe from Kyoto, Japan on Feb. 23 from 2-5 p.m. at the Podium, ADB Ave., Ortigas Center, Pasig City. The demo is jointly sponsored by the Embassy of Japan, the Podium and the Ikenobo Ikebana Society of Manila #67.


Those who would like to become a member of Ikenobo Ikebana Society may contact Serapion S. Metilla at 0939-922-2804.

Thursday, February 14, 2013

Pandan For Floral Arrangement, Not For Cooking

This is a photo of a beautiful variegated pandan sent to us by Dr. Benito S. Vergara of Los Baños.

He says, this is not for cooking. It is an excellent material for use in floral arrangements.


It could be a money-maker for those who can grow the plant in big numbers and harvest the leaves for sale to flower shops or at the Dangwa Flower Market in Sampaloc, Manila.

A Plant Lover's Lament

These are different varieties of Pothos, 
including Golden Ray, Silver Ray, 
Old Gold, Silver and Old Silver.
A Filipino National Scientist who is very much involved in the horticulture industry has a very valid lament.

He is Dr. Benito S. Vergara, a retired scientist of the International Rice Research Institute who is now very much involved in the plant business.


He usually makes a trip to Thailand where he has a lot of former students who usually guide him during his visits there.


In Thailand, he says: "You want 10,000 uniform seedlings for export or for supplying a landscaper for a semi-shaded area? Easy, ask a Thai nursery person and give him 6 months to produce as many plants as you want of pothos, syngonium and scindapsus. These plants are now tissue-cultured in Thailand and available at very reasonable price."


Now, he asks: "When will the local nursery grower benefit from such technologies? Technicians are available but no adequate laboratory and supply of chemicals at reasonable price. I have often received answers from the government that we already have sufficient labs. Where are they? What are the rates?"

KUNDOL: A Neglected Crop In The Philippines

TOM BRILLO of East-West Seed Philippines holding a
7-kilo wax gourd at the Talad Thai Market north of Bangkok.
Note the big pile of wax gourd in the wholesale market.
Kundol or wax gourd is an old fruit vegetable in the Philippines but it remains a very minor and neglected crop. There is need to promote the growing of this vegetable both in backyards as well as in commercial scale.
  
Kundol growing and consumption should be promoted for a number of good reasons. Simple dishes could be prepared with very little expense, yet delicious and tasty. One old dish we remember in the Ilocos which is not common now is to cook thinly sliced kundol with  pieces of native chicken and sotanghon with just enough broth. For variation kundol could be prepared into a soupy dish. Of course there are some other ways of preparing.

The kundol is also used for making sweets. The good thing about kundol is that the fruits are big and a lot of sweets could be produced with just one fruit.

Kundol is easy to grow. They are high-yielding, too. We have seen some at the International Field Day at the Simon N. Groot Research Center in Chiang Mai, Thailand recently. And the good thing is that improved varieties are being developed by seed companies like East-West Seed.

We met Ing-Orn Srikubua at the International Field Day where she attended to visitors in the wax gourd section of the demo farm. She said that they have developed a cylindrical variety for the Thai market whereas another type with round fruits was developed for the Indian market. Both are high-yielding and resistant to diseases.

The good thing about kundol is that the fruits can be stored for months under ordinary conditions. That is why it is also a favorite in Taiwan where they have winter. They call the kundol winter gourd because that’s what is most available during the winter months.

At the 30th anniversary celebration of East-West Seed in Bulacan last December, we saw a showcase of prolific kundol at the demo farm. To this day, we have been wondering why farmers are not producing more kundol. It could be a money-maker even for the small-scale growers. Big-volume producers could also encourage more processors to do value-adding to the neglected kundol fruit.

Ing-Orn Srikubua posing with
East-West's wax gourd variety
for the Thai market. Each fruit
is relatively small, cylindrical
and weighing 3-4 kilos each.

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

How To Produce Big Makopa Fruits

These are big fruits of green makopa
at the Talad Thai Market in Thailand.
Only one fruit is retained per cluster
so that the mature fruits are big.
The green wax apple or Makopa being sold at the Talad Thai Market in Thailand are really big compared to fruits that are produced by growers in the Philippines.

In the Philippines, the same variety comes in much smaller sizes. The main reason is that the growers don't thin their fruits. It is very common that clusters of as many as 7 fruits are produced on the tree. Because many growers don't remove the excess fruits, the mature fruits are necessarily small.


In Thailand, growers just leave one fruit to develop and mature per cluster. That's the main reason why the fruits sold in the markets are big. 


Another secret in producing fruits that are sweet and crisp is to include trace elements in the fertilizer applied when the fruits are developing. When the fruits are half mature, a high-potash formulation will make the fruits sweeter.


The fruits have to be bagged to protect them from fruitfly damage. The bag could be made of cloth or sheets of paper. At the Teresa Orchard & Nursery in Teresa, Rizal, we use cloth bags.


 By the way, we visited the Talad Thai Market on February 7, 2013 together with visitors from Iran, Sri Lanka and South American countries who attended the International Field Day at the Simon N. Groot Research Center in Sansai, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

This is a typical cluster of green
makopa in the Philippines. Because
the cluster is not thinned, the fruits
will be small. The recommendation is
to leave just one fruit per cluster.

Tuesday, February 12, 2013

New Prolific Finger Peppers

Nongluck Milerue, a pepper breeder at the East-West
in Thailand, poses with a promising pepper hybrid.
The new hybrids of  hot finger peppers were showcased at the International Field Day at the Simon N. Groot Research Center in Chiang Mai, Thailand, on February 4, 2013.

These included new varieties being intended for different markets such as the Philippines, India, China, Vietnam, Aftica, Sri Lanka and to the Latin American countries in South America.

The pepper plants are trained to grow upright.
They are pruned at the bottom so that there
is free flow of air above ground. The fruits
are visible and are easier to harvest.
What a prolific finger pepper!
The one intended for the Philippines is tentatively named Batur which may take the place of Django, the front-running "Pangsigang" variety in the Philippines. Batur is said to be more prolific than Django, the fruits are a bit bigger, and the plant is more resistant to bacterial wilt disease.

This is Batur, a new finger pepper
variety for the Philippines.

Monday, February 11, 2013

Grafted Papaya In Taiwan

Yu Cai, a technical staff of a seed company in Thailand, informed us that in Taiwan they are grafting papayas. This is something new to us because we only knew that in the past many years they were only grafting vegetables and other high-value crops like tomato, eggplant, melons and other cucurbits.

They graft unto any papaya rootstock scions from a hermaphrodite plant which they simply call "herma." The objective is to produce herma fruits which are oblong. They don't want the round fruits of the truly female papaya. Why?

Because they claim that the herma fruits taste better and are preferred by consumers. Moreover, herma fruits are easier to arrange in a crate for shipment.

In producing scions for grafting, they take young seedlings that are confirmed hermaphrodite. When they are about two feet tall, they nip the growing point of the plant so it will produce several new shoots which they graft unto the  rootstock.

By the way, we met Yu cai at the International Field Day at the Simon Groot Research Center in Sansai, Chiang Mai, Thailand on Feb. 4, 2013. Stakeholders in the global papaya industry from 25 countries attended the field day. Of course, the field day also showcased many other commercial high-value vegetables and other crops.

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